Twisting Wire

I am making a probe for a 20T magnet in a He3 system.I understand that the wires connecting everything have to be twisted otherwise a current will be induced.Why is that current induced if the wires are not twisted?-Thanks

-Anonymous

A:

The wires leading to your magnet form a closed loop,which is necessary of course since all electronic circuits must form such closed loops in order to function.The reason you’ll get an induced current in these wires is that your dealing with a magnetic field.That field passes through the closed loop of wire,creating what’s known as a”flux”,and how much flux there is depends on how strong the field is times how large the area of your wire loop is.

Flux=Magnetic Field*Area of Loop

The danger comes in while you’re changing the magnetic field.As you increase(or decrease)the strength of the field,you’re causing the amount of flux passing through the wire & cable loop to change,and this induces a electromotive force,E.M.F.,in the wire.Basically,a voltage develops around the loop that is proportional to the rate of change of the flux,and pointing opposite to the way the current is changing.

E.M.F.=-Change in Flux/Change in Time

(if you use the right units)

This voltage difference causes unwanted current to flow by Ohm’s law:

Current Induced=E.M.F./Resistance of the wire loop

The reasons that wire wrapping machine gets rid of this effect are;first,that it effectively decreases the area of the closed loops by breaking it up from one large loop into several smaller ones(the twists).This decrease in loop area decreases the amount of flux through the loop.And second,the E.M.F.s induced in each successive twist alternate sign(one positive,one negative),canceling each other out so that no current flows.

This same technique is used anywhere that stray magnetic fields may be a problem,like in experiments running near large power supplies.,or where electric lines carrying data need to traverse long distances,such as phone and ethernet lines.

Hand-painted oil painting

As the name implies, Hand painted oil painting is to use painting techniques and paint to draw by hand painting, different from the traditional painting, it comes from the change in abstract, visual effects using strong colors and abstract impressionistic style of decoration to express ideas, seemingly simple, in fact, there is a wealth of meaning and heritage, and change with the times style \ color and decorative appearance.

 

Category:

(A) pure hand-painted. It also points paintbrush painting \ painting knife painting \ combination pen knife painting, such a high-end painting, but also the use of materials such as acrylic and pumice cheap painted decorative painting. If you use good oil color, plus there are real artistic accomplishment of the artist, then there will be a true work of art was born. there is also a painting is hand painted line, you can draw high-quality pure hand-painted oil painting, like people, like printing presses, hand printing, painting drawn stereotyped, more generic brands, is a commercial painting.

(2) using modern inkjet printing technology first, and then re-draw artist, or all of the hand-painted, hand-painted or in part, which is typical of commercial painting.

(3) printing machine, and then use the machine plus strokes, great painting effect, only Mongolia layman, saying it was famous paintings, belonging is a product of the times — to be inexpensive, only this, ah, very cheap, but the cost in a canvas on it.

What is the Best Tire Chains And Cables

In order to choose the best roller chain and cables for a particular application, it is necessary to identify the frequency of use of the items. Also important to the decision is the type of roads that will be most frequently traveled. The vehicle type and design intended to receive the leaf chain and cables also factors into the equation. One of the most important factors to consider is the manner in which the tire chains and cables attach to the vehicle, as well as the level of difficulty in applying them. When you have explored all options, cost is typically the greatest factor to consider when choosing the best tire chains and cables for any application.

In many parts of the world, snow and ice are common factors in wintertime driving. In many mountainous areas, the roadways are often closed to any vehicle unequipped with either tire chains and cables on its drive axle. As with most safety items, the level of service provided by the component is equal to the level of skill the owner has in installing it. This is especially true when it comes to tire chains. Installed correctly, the device can aid traction in an amazingly drastic manner; however, improperly installed, the device cannot only hinder the vehicle’s handling, but can damage the vehicle as well.

On a vehicle that will see only occasional wintertime driving, cables are often the best choice. These are easily installed and can be put on and removed in a matter of minutes by most novice installers. When the vehicle will be driven frequently in poor weather conditions, tire chains are commonly considered to be the best choice for traction. In either case, purchasing a set of tire chains and cables that fit the tires and the vehicle is important to get the best service from the vehicle. The chains should not fit extremely tight, yet they should not be loose. The best-fitting chains and cables will have just enough slack to allow them to move slightly off of the tire when driving the vehicle.

For vehicles operated on paved roads, plain chains and cables are sufficient in most cases. These are also the least expensive. When operating primarily on gravel roads, chains with cross bars welded to the links will give superior traction. Many types of tire chains and cables attach with soft rubber bungee-type straps while the better brands use a steel clasping mechanism that locks the component onto your tires. Stainless steel tire chains and cables are typically the most expensive, but they outlast most other material types, often making them the best value in the long run.

What are pressure sensors

Pressure sensors have been in demand since the advent of the steam age. Billions of such sensors are used daily to monitor the pressure of fluids in pipes, engines, hydraulics, or in nature. Specialized sensors are also used to determine the pressure of solids or gases. A typical pressure sensor is about a cubic inch in size, though some may be a hundred or more times smaller, for example those used in microelectromechanical systems.

Most modern pressure sensors work based on a principle called piezoresistive. Pressure causes a material to conduct electricity at a certain rate, leading to a specific level of charge flow associated with a specific level of pressure. This charge is fed to a wire which leads to a control panel and display for human analysis.

Conventional pressure sensors use film resistors, strain gauges, metal alloys, or polycrystalline semiconductors as the resistive media. These materials conduct more or less electricity based on geometric deformations in their structure. Because a linear increase in pressure does not lead to a linear magnitude in deformation, calibration techniques must be used to determine the true pressure. These are inbuilt in the vast majority of systems.

In more sensitive pressure sensors based on monocrystalline semiconductors, which are fabricated using conventional semiconductor technology, tiny deformations can give rise to large changes in resistance. The change in resistance is not based on geometric deformations in the conducting material, but on smaller, more delicate structural warpage.

 

How Can I Repair Leather Furniture

Learning to repair leather furniture is a great way to keep quality furniture for a long time. Leather has many benefits when compared to cloth, and it is water repellent, long lasting, does not hold dust or smell, and generally looks better the older it is. There are three main types of damage that leather can suffer: cuts, scuffs and holes. The type of repair that is necessary depends on the type of damage and where it occurs, but small problems can usually be fixed at home.

Cuts to leather furniture can happen as the result of an accident or a small hole that spreads. To repair a cut in leather furniture, buy a leather repair kit as soon as possible. If the furniture is in use, the cut will expand, so it’s important to stop the damage from getting worse. A repair kit usually includes a chemical compound that is applied to the cut, filling the gap and securing the edges together. If you are going to repair leather furniture with a kit, purchase the best kit that you can find.

Scuff marks on leather furniture occur when pushing something with hard edges along the furniture. To repair a scuff mark, you can follow the same steps are repairing a cut, or you can inject the compound into the mark. Since the leather is not actually cut, all you need to do is blend the color of the leather into the lining.

A puncture hole in leather furniture requires a leather repair kit with patches of leather. The leather patch is inserted underneath the hole and the repair compound is put on the top. This method gives the compound something to stick to and improves the appearance.

When you repair leather furniture, it is very important to start with a cleaning machine. Use saddle soap or a leather cleaner to carefully clean the area in need of repair. Do not use harsh chemicals, as they will dry out the material and may even change the color of the furniture.

When you are cleaning leather, don’t just clean one spot. By treating the entire area — or piece — the whole thing will look better. Use two different sponges: the soap sponge to apply the soap, and the rinsing sponge to remove the residue.

Once the repair is completed, condition the leather with a conditioning cream to keep it supple and shining. Rub the leather conditioner in with your hands for the most effective conditioning. Create a schedule of cleaning and conditioning every six months after you repairyour furniture to keep it looking like new.

Allow a lot of time for the leather repair compound to dry properly before using the furniture. If you use a hair dryer to speed up the process, you risk causing cracks in the leather repaircompound.

What are headphones

headphones  are wearable, stereo, miniaturized speaker systems.

Traditional headphones were quite large and bulky, consisting of a left and right speaker contained in padded ovular enclosures called ear cups. The cups were attached to an arching headband that supported a connecting left-right speaker wire. Trailing off each ear cup was a left or right channel signal wire, joined at a junction to form a single stereo cable with connector. The connector plugged into a headphone jack.

 

Today headphones have come a long way from the bulky sets of yesteryear. Lightweight, portable headphones, called earphone are nearly unnoticeable. Rather than the old headband, these tiny speakers sit inside the opening of the ear itself. Wiring is much thinner and more flexible, allowing for a more comfortable, pleasurable experience.

 

There are several types of headphones available today for every purpose. The vast majority of headphones sold to the general public are used with hi-tech gadgets such as personal audio players. Cell phones can also be used with a headset that consists of a single mono earphone and miniature microphone. The headset plugs into the phone to allow hands-free operation of the phone.

 

What are headphones

headphones  are wearable, stereo, miniaturized speaker systems.

Traditional headphones were quite large and bulky, consisting of a left and right speaker contained in padded ovular enclosures called ear cups. The cups were attached to an arching headband that supported a connecting left-right speaker wire. Trailing off each ear cup was a left or right channel signal wire, joined at a junction to form a single stereo cable with connector. The connector plugged into a headphone jack.

 

Today headphones have come a long way from the bulky sets of yesteryear. Lightweight, portable headphones, called earphone are nearly unnoticeable. Rather than the old headband, these tiny speakers sit inside the opening of the ear itself. Wiring is much thinner and more flexible, allowing for a more comfortable, pleasurable experience.

 

There are several types of headphones available today for every purpose. The vast majority of headphones sold to the general public are used with hi-tech gadgets such as personal audio players. Cell phones can also be used with a headset that consists of a single mono earphone and miniature microphone. The headset plugs into the phone to allow hands-free operation of the phone.

What are the silicone cookwares

Silicone cookware is cookware made from silicone, a type of polymerized material which is made in laboratories. In the 1990s, silicone cookware began to spread to many nations in both home and professional kitchens. There are numerous advantages to silicone cookware which other types of cookware do not have. Many kitchen supply stores sell an assortment of silicone cookware, and it can also be ordered directly through manufacturers.

The primary advantage that silicone has over numerous other materials is that it is both heat and frost resistant. Silicone can literally be taken out of the freezer and put into a fully heated oven without damage. This can be extremely useful in many kitchens, and it also makes silicone very versatile. The same molds can be used for making both hot and cold foods, which means that cooks will save space by using silicone cookware.

The first use of silicone cookware is as non-stick cookware and molds. Silicone will not adhere to baked goods, making it an excellent choice for things like muffins and cakes. The silicone does not need to be oiled or floured; the batter can simply be poured right into it. When the food is done cooking, the silicone can be gently peeled away, leaving the baked goods intact. Nonstick silicone cookware lines include  bakewares and sizes, baking mats or sheets, and things like pancake molds, which can be used to make interesting shapes from batter right on the griddle.

 

What is vehicle tracking

One of the biggest technological advancements in vehicle security has been the advent of the vehicle tracking system. Vehicle tracking systems use satellite or radio positioning in order to locate a vehicle after it has been stolen. Vehicle tracking systems are becoming increasingly popular for people who own expensive or executive cars.
The system is usually fitted to the vehicle covertly. ( vehicle GPS tracker) This means that it cannot be seen and there are no signs to suggest that the vehicle has a tracking system in place. Because the vehicle tracking system is hidden from view, a thief may be less confident when trying to steal the vehicle, as he is unsure whether there is a system fitted or not.

If the car is stolen, the vehicle tracking system will send out a signal that only the police can trace. There are some sophisticated systems that are able to detect unauthorized movement of your car. Such systems alert the owner of the car that it is in the process of being stolen.
Vehicles fitted with a satellite Global Positioning System (GPS) can pinpoint the exact location of the vehicle and send information to the police. Police departments also have equipment in place to track vehicles with GPS systems fitted. Software is used to plot the actual position of the vehicle on maps.

 

What are the different types of metal engraving machines

There are two main types of metal engraving machines, with the rotary kind often being the most popular for small projects because of its ability to deliver deep, durable engravings without ruining the material. The more modern choice, though, is laser engraving  equipment, which is often used for projects that require a lot of detail without much depth. Both types of machines also can engrave other materials, such as plastic and wood, and each has its own advantages and drawbacks.

Rotary engraving machines are often a popular choice for metal and are most commonly used to engrave text and simple images into small items, such as nameplates, jewelry and trophies. This type of professional metal engraving machine features cutting tools on a rotating platform, which can gradually take metal away from the surface as it moves. Rotary metal engraving machines tend to cut deeper than the laser kind, and can provide a good result even on curved surfaces. Such equipment is typically about as small as a desktop computer, but there are bigger rotary metal engraving machines available for larger jobs.